The cosmetic market is flooded with creams and lotions that claim to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. But, the main question is – Are they effective? The answer depends on the active ingredients at work. Here's a list of 10 essential elements in anti-aging products.

1. Retinol:

Retinol is a standard compound in over-the-counter anti-wrinkle creams. It is a derivative of Vitamin A. Retinol promotes skin renewal by neutralizing the action of free radicals. Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that damage skin structure. Additionally, it promotes the production of collagen and elastin and improvements skin by lightening age spots.

2. Peptides:

Peptides are the next chief ingredient in anti-aging products. Peptides are chains of amino acids. With age, the quality and amount of collagen declines. It results in weakening of the skin structure causing it to sag. Peptides go deep into the skin and stimulate the production of collagen and antioxidant enzymes. These compounds restore elasticity and promote cell repair.

3. Vitamin C:

Antioxidants are a must-include ingredient in anti-aging products. Vitamin C is one of them. It plays a crucial role in Collagen synthesis. Vitamin C shields the skin from sun damage, lightens hyper-pigmentation and allows for a smoother texture.

4. Vitamin E:

Vitamin E teams up with Vitamin C to protect the upper dermis of the skin from damage caused by UV exposure.

5. Sunscreen:

UV exposure is necessary for the natural synthesis of Vitamin D. However, excess UV exposure accelerates skin aging. It deprives the skin of anti-oxidants and increases free radicals. It weakens the tissue matrix. Sunscreen enhanced anti-aging products should offer both UVA and UVB protection.

6. Hydroxy Acids:

Alpha, Beta and Poly-Hydroxy acids are essential components of anti-aging products. These Hydroxy acids are Exfoliants. In this respect, they get rid of the old, dead and damaged layers of skin and stimulate regeneration.

7. Coenzyme Q10:

When reading product labels, you may come across this word. Coenzyme Q10 reduces the appearance of wrinkles especially the fine lines at the corners of the eyes and the mouth. It also reverses sun damage.

8. Ceramides:

Ceramides are fatty compounds that occupy the space between skin cells; they fasten them together. It locks skin moisture and theby preserves a fresh, youthful glow. The natural production of Ceramides drops as we age. Here, an external supply becomes a must. Several moisturizers available over the market contain ceramides.

9. Niacinamide:

Like Ceramides, Niacinamide contains skin hydration and suppleness. This potent antioxidant is a derivative of Vitamin B-3.

10. Botanical Extracts (Tea extracts and grape seed extract):

These botanical extracts are known for their anti-aging, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. They reduce wrinkles and initiate skin repair.

Anti-aging products may or may not work. For many it is only a temporary solution. You can protect your skin and delay aging with a few minor alterations to your skin care routine. Eat healthy and drink plenty of water. Avoid smoking. Protect your skin from the sun.