Find Out: How and Why We Age

Aging and growing older are not the same thing.

Growing older refer to the onward march of time, the number of years we are clocking up. Aging is different.

Aging is the process by which we typically weaken and lose function as we grow older; losing the energy, strength and resistance to disease we had when we were young.

As we age, the probability that we will develop heart disease, diabetes, deafness, blindness, incontinence, osteoporosis, arthritis, impotence, cancers, various forms of dementia and a host of other dreadful diseases of old age increases multiple fold.

All this is despite the fact that, through our lives, our bodies are constantly rebuilding and repairing themselves.

Chromosomes and cell division

Cells are the basic building blocks of our bodies.

Look at yourself in a mirror … what you see is about 10 trillion cells made up of about 200 different types.

Our muscles are made of muscle cells and our livers of liver cells. There are specialized types of cells that make the enamel for our teeth and the lenses in our eyes.

New cells are born every day while old cells die; ie, our bodies are constantly renewing themselves.

A chromosome is a tiny body contained within the nucleus of a cell. It consist of a thread-like structure made up of proteins and nuclear acids (mostly DNA).

Each chromosome has subunits called genes. Genes determin inherited hits. They are arranged in a line along the length of the chromosome. There can be thousands of genes on a single chromosome.

Chromosomes occur in pairs. The number of chromosomes in a cell varies between species. A body cell of a human being contains 46 chromosomes, or 23 pairs; that of a horse, 30 pairs.

Our bodies (like those of all other species) grow, develop and reproduce through cell division. Cell division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells.

Here's how this works.

First, the chromosomes in a cell duplicate themselves. Then, each set of chromosomes moves to opposite sides of the cell and the cell divides. Each new cell has a complete set of chromosomes which is identical to what was in the original cell.

In this way, our bodies are constantly renewing themselves.

Theoretically, as the old and new cells are identical, we should be immortal.

But we are not immortal. So, what kills us off?

The Hayflick Limit

In 1965, Dr Leonard Hayflick discovered that cells divide about 52 times on average, after which they stop producing daughter cells and die, ie their lives are finite.

Hayflick found that cells go through three phases. In the first, there is a rapid healthy division of cells. In the second phase cell division slows. In the third phase, cells under programmed cell death.

When a new cell is born from an older one through cell division, it begins its own lifespan.

Newly-made cells from an old person are readily recognizable as cells from an aging body. But when the nucleus of an old cell is removed and replaced with the nucleus of a young cell, the old cell takes on a new life. The old cell's life span is like that of a young cell … it divides most quicklyly early on; then cell division slows as it ages, before it stops completely and dies.

This means that the key to the Hayflick limit is in the cell's nucleus and that we are all basically programmed to die.

But how does this programming work?


This question was answered in 1978 when telomeres were discovered.

Telomeres are repetitive strands of DNA found at the ends of chromosome pairs within cells. Their purpose is to protect the chromosomes, similar to the way that the plastic ends of shoelaces keep the laces from fraying.

The problem is that each time a cell divides a portion of the telomere at the end of the chromosome is lost.

Each new generation of cells has slightly shorter telomeres than its parents. In fact, you can judge the age of a cell by measuring the length of its telomeres.

When the telomere gets insufficiently short, the cell enter programmed cell death.

So a telomere serves as a count-down clock for a cell.

In addition, as the telomere shortens, the behavior of the cell changes. Cells with shooter telomeres begin to slow down. The signals that control the output of hormones and the immune function become weaker. The cells start to act old.

As more and more cells start acting old, the body deteriorates. Sometimes it can defend itself no longer and succumbs to disease.

In sum, your cells are dividing, your telomeres are shortening, and, as a result, you are aging. Your mortality appears to be assured.

Or is it?


In the mid-1980s telomerase was discovered. Telomerase is a protein that is capable of producing new telomeres on the ends of chromosomes in aging cells, ie it can prolong the lives of cells.

Telomerase is found in all cells. However in normal cells it is turned off, ie it does nothing.

But in abnormal cells, such as tumors, telomerase is active; busy increasing the length of telomeres at the end of chromosomes and thus helping aging cancer cells to continue growing and developing.

It would seem that should active telomerase be added to normal cells, these cells should continue to replicate beyond their Hayflick limit.

Indeed, researchers have reported that, in one study, cells to which they had introduced telomerase had replicated at least 20 more times than they normally would.

In another study, a group of men between the ages of 60 and 85 were given concentrated extracts of telomerase. After six months the men showed remarkable changes with improved immune strength, significantly improved eyesight, better sex lives, and more youthful and radiant skin.

Of course, this is not to say that introducing telomerase can make cells immortal. Besides the shortening of telomeres, many more factors seem to be involved in programmed cell death.

However telomerase and the developing technologies needed to support its use do hold out the possibility that all the bad things we associate with aging … heart disease, arthritis, hearing loss, failing eyesight, dementia and so on … could become as rare in 70-year-olds as they are now in 35-year-olds.

People may not live longer but they should enjoy a healthyier old age.

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Age – It’s Not Just a Number

Most of us at one time or another have heard the phrase, 'age is just a number.' Maybe it is until you pass forty or somewhere around that age. Or perhaps for some, it's always thought of as just a number. As for me, it no longer was 'just a number' when I became a senior citizen, and even for a few years before.

The age at which we become senior citizens varies broadly. Interestingly, many will only admit to being a 'senior' if they can benefit from senior citizen discounts. A few stores and restaurants offer discounts at the age of sixty, but for many others it's necessary to be at least sixty-five.

Not many years ago, sixty-five was referred to as 'elderly,' which I think is an objectionable term. However, it is now used less frequently because in recent years many individuals who are sixty-five and older, are hale and hearty, active, vivacious, and fully engaged in life. They no longer sit in a rocking chair, just waiting to die.

But you'll have to take my word for the fact that regardless of good health and an active lifestyle, there are changes that can and do begin to occur by the age of fifty-five or sixty.

Here's my present take on aging:

When you are ten, you can hardly wait until you become fifteen. And when you reach fifteen, you want so much to be eighteen. When you reach twenty-one, in most instances, you are quite satisfied for a few years, and happy to be in your twenties. But soon afterwards, things begin to go downhill. You often hear a thirty-year-old say, “Oh wow, I'm really getting old; the time between twenty and thirty went by in a flash.”

The age of consent in the United States varies from state to state: from ages sixteen to eighteen. This affects the ability of teens to engage legally in sexual activity. And in many states, teens who are sixteen or younger may not marry without parents' consent or authorization from a court.

In 1984 the legal drinking age in the US was changed from eighteen to twenty-one years. And it remains so, in spite of recent false internet claims that on June 4, 2015, once again the legal drinking age had been lowered to eighteen. That was misinformation.

Now, after those youthful years of our 20s and 30s, we reach what is reported to as middle-age. Then, before we realize that it's happening, we've reached 'old age.' Some of the synonyms are not pleasant to hear: decrepitude; feebleness; senility; infirmity; winter of life. And there will probably be changes generally beginning around the age of fifty-five or sixty, but in no way should this be interpreted to mean that all or any of the changes are inevitable.

Oneothersome change with which many are likely to be afflicted is osteoarthritis, or some type of musculoskeletal problems, especially if you incurred serious joint injuries at an earlier age.

You may also suddenly realize that you can not see well enough to read a book. The ophthalmologist informs you that you have a condition known as Presbyopia. This occurs as the lens becomes less flexible and loses its ability to focus as we age. As a result you must wear glasses (apparently there are procedures to correct this condition which would eliminate the use of glasses).

Another exasperating change is that you lose hair where it once grew bountifully (hair that you needed and wanted), and now hair grows where you've never before seen it (and never wanted it). Long, lush eyelashes I once had a a thing of the past; now the few eyelashes I do have can hardly be seen.

Dry skin is another annoying fact, and of course there are wrinkles and thin, sagging skin everywhere; nothing is tight, firm, or smooth. There are also brown spots, and other little wart-like growths, which the doctor informs me are called seborrheic keratoses. She says they're quite common in older people and are completely harmless.

There are changes in sleep patterns, as well, which seem to come and go. One thing, though, that is constant is that the number of hours of sound sleep are fewer, and, at least for me, it takes longer to fall sleep.

This may be one that I should not mention, but I will. Many old people have a distinct, somewhat unpleasant odor. I've done research on this topic, and it is definitely a reality. So-called 'experts' have a number of explanations for the odor, some I accept and some I do not. What I believe is a major cause of the odor is that a large number of older people do not bathe or shower regularly. And they wear the same clothes day after day; they often think that it's okay because there are no visible stains on the clothes.

Does not it make sense that the metabolic waste excreted from the body's pores can cause the incompetent odor? Perspiration and digestion can likely cause that kind of waste excretion. So if you bathe often, can not you rid your body of that odor?

Now, for the good news: Dementia is not a normal part of aging. Neither is osteoporosis, hypertension, incontinence, digestive problems, depression, or lethargy.

It's true, of course, that lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors are, in part, responsible for the variations of how well a person can function, physically or mentally, at any given age. Any or all of those factors may explain the cause of diseases and illnesses. But my content is that, of those factors, lifestyle is the most important: eating properly, exercising regularly, a positive attitude, proper rest and sleep will certainly improve our physical and mental state, and forestall many negative aspects of aging.

So, we senior citizens should begin today to think positively, eat right, and exercise regularly, and let's all try to remember that our chronological age is not a measure of “dotage.” But, let's face it, age is more than 'just a number.'

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A Guide To Starting Your Anti-Aging Journey

Anti-aging goes beyond skincare products and treatments. It is important to have a healthy lifestyle if you want your skin to look fresh and young. There are simple habits that you should inculcate into your daily routine if you want to look good.

Start With a Beauty Regime

Get into the habit of wearing a good sunscreen before you get out of your house in the morning. If you are going to be outdoors, apply it every two hours. Next, know what kind of makeup suits you. Well-applied makeup can help you look years younger while badly applied make up can add 5 years to your looks. Use bright lipsticks and lip balms to keep your lips moisturized. Curl your lashes and use a primer to keep your eye shadow in place. Your hands and legs also get exposed to the sun so ensure that you scrub them daily (you can do so with a little lemon juice and sugar) and use a good moisturizer for them. A little bit of effort will help your skin look younger and healthier.

Selecting the Right Skin Products

If you do not think that your anti-aging products are giving you the results that you want, here are some insider tips from top dermatologists to help you get products that will help you target your problems.

• Start with the basics: The most basic products that you need are a good moisturizer and a good sunscreen lotion. While shopping for your sunscreen, get one that has broad spectrum coverage along with an SPF of 30 or higher. Ideally, go for a sunscreen which is water resistant so it will get you through the hot and sweaty days. If you invest this little extra in the sunscreen, you can even mix it with your moisturizer if required. An anti-aging moisturizer will help reduce the fine lines and make you look younger.

• Focus on one problem at a time: A single product can not get rid of all your aging worries. And multiple products at the same time can harm your skin. Instead, pinpoint one problem that you want to disappear and get something that will target this one problem. For example, if you want to get rid of spots on your face, get a good moisturizer for that and give it a few weeks to get rid of the spots.

• Be realistic: You need to be realistic when it comes to the results that you will get from anti-aging creams and any other beauty products. Your skin will not react to these products like they do in TV commercials and make you look 10 years younger within a week. Have realistic expectations and look for small changes in your complexion and expect modest changes.

• Know your skin type: Before you pick up a moisturizer or sunscreen, know what kind of skin you have. If your skin easily reacts with beauty products, look for creams that state they are for 'sensitive skin'. Do not get a stronger moisturizer just because you think it will give you better results. It will, in fact, damage your skin and you will not be happy with the results.

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Look And Feel Good For Longer – How To Slow Aging

Aging is a natural process that everyone must go through. As we age our bodies adapt and change. However, how fast we lose our abilities and looks of our earlier years is greatly influenced by how effectively we exercise our body and mind and what we eat.

Some of the changes that take place as we age include alteration in hormone production, increase in bone rigidity and porosity, reduction of neurological abilities, muscle mass and balance. In addition, you might also experience an unwanted increase in body fat due to inactivity and hormonal decline. But fortunately we do not have to watch this natural processes passively, we can influence and control most of the factors contributing to aging.

As aging affects us physically, emotionally and sexually it is imperative we learn to control these determinants by choosing our diet carefully, caring for our skin and keeping active. The emotional, mental and spiritual aspects of our being should also be catered for by feeding our minds positively through love, meditation and the quest for knowledge.

Now that we know the 'negative effects' of aging can be slowed down tremendously through proper exercise and nutrition program, how do we choose the right exercise program? Generally speaking, a good program should include aerobic, balance, flexibility, coordination and resistance training. Typically, the most efficient form of resistance training is the use of body weight exercises as a starting point, before external loading is incorporated. Progressions should include more complex movements.

Resistance exercise will help slow down the loss of bone density, muscle strength and mass. Balance activities and exercises such as standing on one leg or forward, backward as well as lateral movements will help maintain stabilization and coordination capabilities. When not sure of the right exercise, seek the services of a knowledgeable fitness professional who understands your needs and suits your personality. And when not sure of the right diet get a qualified dietician or nutritionist to discuss your needs.

Let me also mention that it is equally important that we engage in activities that stimulate the brain and improve reflexes such as solving crosswords, puzzles and playing chess etc. So, take charge of your life and enjoy! Let the aging process be a great and beautiful experience so you can look better, feel better and act better for longer by staying on control.

May you continue look good, feel good and move around as you wish without the unnecessary discomfort associated with '' modern aging ''. Let's not stop '' living '' before we die!

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How Oldies Can Show Leadership

Gee it's a bummer when things are designed so poorly by not considering the hassles that the poor design can cause – especially for 'oldies'. Poor product design can cause unnecessary difficulties.

Consider this real-life example. I recently installed a new dishwasher. I finally located the serial number on the side of the door, not the top. This made viewing the serial number quite challenging. In fact, if the dishwasher was being mounted in a corner, it would have been impossible to see the number. Damn! Why do companies insist on using 0 and o and O in their serial numbers, as well as 1 and I? If they used nothing but letters or words, there'd be no confusion: easy to remember, hard to get wrong. And, if that was not enough, the number was in really small type.

Of course, serial numbers, the type of font used, and size are merely symptoms. The key issue is design, and design is about function. You do not need to be an oldie, of course, to appreciate the need for much better design features. Too bad that we tend to find out about these things only after we get them home

No doubt, we can site our own examples of poor design, but one thing for certain is that if it's designed properly, most hassles will disappear.

There are three things that we can do.

  1. We have to consider what might go wrong, or, if it's too late for that, what's not right. We'll then be more likely to design something (or have something designed) that does what we want it to, and, therefore, satisfies the Goldilocks Principle by being just right.
  2. We have to become even more vocal and let the manufacturer know about poor design features. The manufacturer is likely to be most appreciative enabling a design change before the sales figures point to a need to act – free market research. As always, the key, is to make sure that we're providing the feedback to the 'right' person.
  3. We have to focus on the key issue, as distinct from the symptoms. While the placement of the serial number, confusing numerals and letters of the alphabet, the type of font used, or the type size may cause unnecessary hassles, design remains the key issue.

As Paul Rand said, 'Everything is design. Everything! '

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Tips on How to Reverse Aging Skin Naturally

How to reverse aging skin naturally

The odds are high that you have seen advertisements promoting anti-aging products and tactics. These advertisements give information about everything from magic skin creams, miracle masks, plastic surgery to cosmetics. There are some that give results immediately while others even worsen these signs of aging. This article provides you with information on how to reverse aging skin naturally.

Stem cells are biological cells with the ability to remain dormant until they are activated to reproduce into new tissue. These cells are usually found in human embryos and adult tissue as well. They can form in any cell and, therefore, help in organ repair and skin repair if there is an injury. With this potential, they have become useful in skin rejuvenation procedures such as stem cell facelift.

The facelift is a complete facial rejuvenation feature that can be done without requiring any surgery. The process works to restore the shape of the face as well as the youthful contour and the skin tightness. The color irregularities that is caused by environmental sun exposure can also be undone through the facelift procedure. The process reduces the need for using Botox injections repetitively or cosmetic fillers consistently. The method of transplanting stem cells from different parts of the body, then awakening them as well as the local cells in the face is a revolutionary technique naturally reversing aging skin.

Another way of reversing skin aging is the application of anti-aging products that utilize human stem cell technology. In these products, your skin is the most active participant and not the apple or plant variety cells. Using natural products that arouse the activity of your stem cells is safer than most methods. These products have epidermal growth factors that are obtained through genetic engineering technology. These EGFs are identical to natural EGFs, also known as beauty factors. After being applied to the skin, they stimulate production of collagen hence improving on elasticity, sagging and skin tone.

These two techniques of how to reverse aging skin naturally are among the top used by dermatologists. In addition to being natural, the result is proven to last longer.

It is a breath of fresh air to the future of helping us restore younger looking skin and helping us to look the best we possibly can no matter how old we are. 50 really is the new 40 – maybe even 30!

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How to Stay Young Mentally

It would be an insult for me to assume that none of you reading this is learning new and different things on life's journey. I want to applaud you, if you are actively increasing your knowledge on many and varied subjects. But, I also want to encourage those of you, who are struggling to find the energy to stretch mentally, to begin taking baby steps toward gaining new knowledge.

It is important to strive toward staying young mentally … and it is a medical fact that a mind that is stimulated is a mind that stays sharper as it ages. I have experienced first-hand that older people who live in smaller towns or rural areas are generally not as sharp and alert as those living in larger cities OR who actively work on learning new and different things to stimulate them mentally.

A mind that is kept active with learning is a mind that does not have time to stagnate.

My maternal grandmother lived to age ninety-nine. She was a simple woman who never traveled out of the United States nor to many places here in the states. She subscribed to National Geographic and was an avid reader of that magazine and others. One day, when she was nearly ninety, she told me she had traveled the world through her National Geographic's. Her next statement was what impacted me the most. She told me that she had lived her life desiring to learn something new every day!

I know that we are bombarded with information on all sides and that, like it or not, we are learning new things every day – but, I believe, making a conscious decision to learn something that will enrich and enliven our lives on a daily basis is a very valuable tool for staying young mentally.

When your energy is low, and / or you are not feeling well – reading a book about traveling, or watching a video about somewhere far, far away is often exactly “what the doctor ordered”. We accomplish two things when we do this. First, it takes our mind off of how we feel, (at least for an hour or two) and second, we use our minds to learn something new – which keeps our brains healthy. Sounds like a no-brainer to me (pun intended)!

Just as getting yourself dressed each morning; putting a bit of makeup on and combing your hair is like a medicine – so too is learning new things. Pull out those books, articles, magazines and pamphlets that you have kept because there were things in them you wanted to learn. Jot down some subjects that you find interesting and then spend some time on the computer researching them. Of course, we can not believe everything we find on the computer – but, if it gets you started researching and learning – wonderful! I am constantly jotting down things that I want to check into when I watch movies, have conversations, or am just driving along in the car and see a sign that sparks a desire to know more.

Start spending just a few minutes a day learning new things and your mental life will blossom from that knowledge. A bud that blossoms is full of life! What a great analogy for doing what you can to stay young mentally.

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How To Keep Your Life On Track – And Live Longer

With age comes experience and with experience comes lessons lesson along the way; including the School of Hard Knocks. For some people, doing as they say and finishing what they start can be a valuable lesson. Winston Churchill said that he learned three things that he considered were the most difficult:

  1. Kissing a girl who is leaving away from you;
  2. Climbing a fence that is leaning towards you; and
  3. Admitting you're wrong.

For others, catching smoke could prove to be a very difficult lesson to grasp.

On his 80th birthday, James McNab reckoned that the School of Hard Knocks taught him three valuable lessons about how to keep his life on track:

  1. Learning to let go
  2. Learning to stop comparing yourself to others
  3. Learning to make the best choices

Learning to let go can include many things – the past and its many events both good and not-so good, holding grudges, worrying about things that what others may think of you, doubting yourself, fearing what may never happen, and so on. According to McNab, the key is to accept yourself the way you are.

At McNab's 'School' he learned that if you really want to suffer, the best way to do that is to compare yourself to others. He never knew who 'they' really were but he convinced himself that they had more than he did, looked better than he was, looked better than he did, were thinner than he was and that their lives were made up of only happiness and joy . It took McNab eighty years to realize (in his words), 'What a load of BS that was'.

McNab made special mention of John F. Kennedy Jr who was named 'The Sexiest Man Alive' by People magazine. It looks like he had everything; money, power, looks and brains. JFK Jr, along with his wife, died in a plane crash on July 16, 1999.

It took McNab many years to learn that life was about choices, and, for him, the most important choice we can make is to be happy instead of being angry and bitter. We do not need some one else to tell us that life has its ups and downs and it's very hard to be happy when you're on 'the downs'. McNab agreements, but how you choose to respond is up to you.

McNab's final piece of advice to help keep yourself on track are five words:

Let go of the past.

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How to Remove Forehead Wrinkles in Just 7 Days!

I have an ancient secret. Yes ! It's true. If you want to remove forehead wrinkles, you've to canvass those ancient people who knew about all the natural remedies, and who were butly unaware of today's technology and advanced version of medicines.

For instance, Cleopatra! She's known as the goddess of beauty … However, when we read her life, we realized that she has revealed a lot of beauty secrets for us. And, one of those secrets was all about wrinkles – forehead wrinkles … “She used to take bath with cold water.”

Although, today, the experts call this 'Face-Freezing Treatment' , and they often use this tactic for preventing wrinkles, but they believe that it can be more beneficial if we use the natural ingredients of yogurt, or honey, with it at the same time.

Allow me to explain in the simplest words.

– Try the Yogurt Mask … Get twopons of a tad cold yogurt, and add a few lemon drops in it. Create the mixture, and apply it on your face, especially on the forehead, for at least 20 minutes … After that rinse your face with cold water and pat it dry.

– Apply this mask for at least 1 week. Beside, instead of lemon, you can use a few drops of honey too, as its substances also greatly simplify you in removing the wrinkles.

Apart from this, there are a few things, which you should avoid, if you do not want wrinkles to appear on your forehead again … For example:

Avoid Sugar, as it does not allow your body cells to regenerate, which is immensely essential if you want to look like a million-dollar person – without wrinkles. It's something which most men / women stay away from, and underestimate its importance, but they do not realize that sugar is that single source which can jeopardize their overall efforts for preventing wrinkles. Even if they consult the facelift surgeons, and ask them regarding the no.1 enemy of their face, their answer will always be the “Sugar”. For that reason, consume less sugar; it's better for you.

Other than that, remember, it's not just the sugar; the 'Salt' is also equally responsible for the wrinkles on your forehead. Experts have proven, time and time again, that salt leads your body to dehydration, which eventually causes the fine lines on your forehead and face. Therefore, just like the sugar, avoid salt too, as it only brings the bad news for your skin.

So, are you ready to pull your socks up?

Just rinse your face with the cold water, often, especially after applying yogurt mask; I assure you, you'll banish the wrinkles of your forehead in less than 1 week.

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Athleticism and Its Effect of Chronological Age

I read a terrific article in the New York Times “Older Athletes Have a Strippingly Younger Fitness Age” by Gretchen Reynolds. Of course I loved it because it reflected my attitude toward exercise and bolstered my confidence that exercising pays off wonderfully. Reynold's study included Senior Olympians with who she found a twenty year difference between chronological age and fitness age. The study also examined results from research on 5,000 Norwegian adults. This study utilized an algorithm that calculated aerobic capacity and relative fitness age based on sex, resting heart rate, waist size, and exercise routine. The great news for me is that while the calendar says that my 64th birthday is around the corner in November, speaking fitness-wise I'll just be 44. Hurray for science!

I ran track in high school and sort of played volleyball and basketball. As for volleyball my hand-eye coordination was weak and with basketball I was quick but not particularly accurate with my shot. Granted I was pretty much self-coached as women's athletics were not center-court at my high schools, but in reality I lacked much talent until it came to running. I inherited speed from my Dad, agility from my Mom, and determination from both. I also just loved the freedom of a sprint and the camaraderie of a relay.

In college I took a body conditioning class. The inspiration from that has ended and strengthened my exercise resolve and created a distance runner in me. A day without running is like a day without physical and mental stimulation and the results are quite dull. Although I do not completely fit the description and definition of the athletes of the study as I am not a senior Olympian or Norwegian, I do enjoy fitness. I also have a competitive instinct that drives me to excel when I enter a race or challenge like a sprint triathlon. I like to pick out people I know I can pass at the finish line and nip them by a stride or two. In fact, my photo finish at the San Diego Marathon has me in the act against Cary (our names were printed on our bibs). I was 60 and he appeared to be in his late 20s as I zipped pass his tired body. His disgruntled visage motivates me to this day. While that seems sort of pathetic in the writing, I must say it is true.

Knowing that running is good but that I needed to move other parts of my body as well, I took up swimming five or six years ago and love my twice weekly plunge. A half-mile slips right by and invigorates me for the day. I recently added occasional cycling. Four years ago I completed a sprint triathlon and discovered that transitioning legs from bike mode to run mode requires thinking and redirection. The fact that the first time I had climbed on my rusty bike for the 16 mile ride was during the competition. I realize now that that was not wise and so as I plan similar events, I am in the habit of combining practice routines in the same work-out. Swimming to biking is simple (other than drawing on dry clothes to a wet body) but biking to running takes some readjustment. And being prepared is essential.

What is your chronological age and would you like to reduce it as it correlates to your fitness age? I accept 63 but 43 has a more pleasant ring. It makes me feel younger, stronger, and more vibrant. That bubbling positivity leads to an upbeat state of mind and an optimistic outlook on life. These add up to personal affirmation and a zest for living. I hope you feel the same way as you recognize the benefits of exercise or that you are motivated to make some physical activity changes in your life. Athletic involvement is an effective health intensifier as it activates your heart and soul.

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How To Choose Perfect Wrinkle Creams

What makes up a good wrinkle cream will depend on the ingredients used to make and how often one is required to apply on the skin for effective results. With the cream trying to reverse the damages caused to the skin, we look at some of the ingredients that are key:

– Retinol: Retinol is a vitamin A compound that is widely used in wrinkle cream. It is an antioxidant that is used to neutralize free radicals such as unstable oxygen that breaks down skin cells and at some later stage cause wrinkles.

– Vitamin C: Vitamin C protects the skin from sun damage. Its storage always necessitates that it should be away from direct sunlight and air.

– Hydroxy Acid: This component removes the old, dead skin as well as it will stimulate growth of new skin which is even pigmented.

– Coenzyme Q10: This is one of the ingredients that protect the skin from sun damage as well as mostly protecting the fine wrinkles around the eye.

– Tea extracts: Tea contains anti-inflammatory properties. This protects the skin from inflammations. Green tea is mostly used because of this compound existence.

– Grape seed extract. : This extract allows injuries infected on the skin to heal faster. It also has properties of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.

– Niacinamide: This substance helps reduce water loss and always ensure a moist skin. It also improves the skin on its elasticity.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, these products make some alluring promises to reduce wrinkles and slow down premature aging as well as consumers spend billions of dollars each year. However, there is not enough evidence on how they work and that the trick is finding the right ingredients that work well with your skin.

There are more reliable ways of taking care of your skin without any kind of guesswork. Always protect your skin from direct sunlight. The sun has ultra-violet (UV) light which speeds up natural aging process of the skin. This is done by limiting amount of time spend in the sun. Smoking is another of the cause as it narrows blood vessels in the skin layer, making the skin to wrinkle and sag prematurely. It is also good to use a product that has built-in sunscreen as they block both UVA and UVB rays. Finally, use moisturizers, as dry skin accelerates into dead skin faster. It temporarily protects the skin. However, this article is capable of providing sufficient information about the procedure of collecting quality wrinkle creams.

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Philosophy And Ageing

Philosophy means love of wisdom and, if we were able to assemble some of that wisdom, we'd find that many recognized philosophers were on about exploring how to live a life worth living. It's not surprising that none of those have been able to provide the essential how-to. Indeed, it was Jean-Jacques Rousseau who asked whether it is the moment when we have to die that we learn how we should have lived. I'm definitely not advocating that you leave it till then. Get started, now!

In our attempt to answer the question relating to living a life worth living, we need to decide what is it that makes a human life matter. Assuming that it (life) does matter, as we age, what matters most, changes. In the past, eeking out a career may have been a big deal – climbing the greasy pole, the corporate ladder, or whatever your preferred metaphor. Then, in the blink of an eye, what matters most involves doing things to enlarge our lives; such as finding out how to live a longer, better life.

For thousands of years, people have been exploring how to live a life worth living. Socrates, for example, reckoned that an unexamined (unexceptional) life was not worth living. And, even when he thought that he was living a life worth living, others did not agree.

So, what matters most for you? Are you living a life worth living? Are you living a kind of life that others will hear about? And does that matter to you?

One of the reasons philosophy is going through a surge of popularity through the world is because everyday people can associate with philosophy and being a philosopher – especially when their own life is the subject for discussion. No one can hope to tell another how to live their life. It's akin to someone claiming to have found the universal meaning of life. We might be able to explore how to give our lives more meaning, or experience being alive, but our stories, and what matters most, will differ.

Only you know whether or not you're living a life worth living and what matters most to you. If Rousseau was right, that, 'Youth is the time to study wisdom; old age is the time to put it into practice ', your time for action could have arrived.

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How To Reinvent Yourself Over And Over

There's one time in our lives when we'll have to reinvent ourselves, and that's probably bought on by ageing. Given that the demand to reinvent is usually change-related – job, going it alone – learning how to retire from the daily trip to the fun factory can involve a pretty big change. At blink-speed, we have all this extra time on our hands and we'd like to use that time productively. Even the vision of playing golf several days a week and going fishing on the remaining days soon blurs. We ask ourselves, 'Is this all there is?' Reinvention-time has arrived!

It seems that there are two main alternatives to consider. One of those is to do nothing: the Grim Reaper knows where to find me. Reinvention is the other alternative, and there are five questions that need to be asked.

  1. The first question to ask is, 'Why?' If you're content with your 'lot' and where you're at, why change?
  2. The next question to ask is, 'Who'll care?' The answer, of course, is, other than those closest to you, not many. As Tony De Mello observed, 'That's the way life is'.
  3. Another question to ask is, 'What are my Strengths (S) and Weaknesses (W), and what Opportunities (O) and Threats (T) exist?' Conducting your own SWOT analysis will provide a pretty good picture of YOU. Interested others may want to contribute, if they're invited.
  4. Then you can ask yourself, 'Reinvention into what?' You may discover in this process what Joseph Campbell called, your bliss.
  5. It's then time to let those know who may be able to help our reinvention process (assuming that's the path that you've decided your reinvention needs to take). The Six-Degrees of Separation have taught us that someone will know someone else who will know someone who can help us in a way that we choose. And keep in mind that most people respond positively when asked, 'Will you help me, please?'

Reinvention almost complete! All that needs to be done is to borrow Nike's exhortation to 'Just do it!' and that, hopefully, will involve pursuing your bliss.

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It’s OK To Have A Brain Fart

Most of us have 'brain farts' – mental lapses when we're trying to remember something very obvious, something that we know we should know. Forgetting a friend's birthday, failing to turn-up to an appointment, forgetting your own age, trying to open a door even though the sign says 'closed', forgetting about the food you put in the microwave, having trouble spelling a word that you 've spelled many times before, and not being able to remember a name or a word that you claim is' on the tip of your tongue', are just some of the many examples that would qualify as brain farts. (I'm wondering whether I can claim a brain fart as the reason, according to my wife, that I 'do not listen'?)

For 85% of us, Brain farts are no big deal. They can, however, have you considering whether this lapse might lead to even more significant memory loss, dementia, and associated brain dis-ease. After all, the World Health Organization claims that 1 in 2 people over the age of forty will experience some form of dementia.

Even though the brain can become pretty toxic, there are 3 things we need to get enough of to make sure that brain farts do not lead to something bigger.

  1. Get enough sleep. While we're asleep, the brain repairs itself, and this can take between 6 and 8 hours a night. There's an abundance of research that shows that 'getting by' on a few hours sleep-per-night is the equivalent of having a blood-alcohol level greater than 0.05. Australia once had a Prime Minister who boasted that he needed only 4-hours sleep-per-night and could not understand why others could not work with him.
  2. Get enough exercise. 'Enough' is considered to be about 150-160 minutes-a-week and that does not have to include going to the gym or donning the lycra and causing traffic chaos. Exercise does mean, however, getting off the couch or out of bed and feeding your brain some fresh air. Exercise should be enjoyable.
  3. Get enough good food. If it's not toxic, it's probably OK. Eat a balanced diet, never allow yourself to become 'so hungry' that you resort to eating any old stuff, and, wherever possible, eat food that's in season.

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Taking Care Of Your Skin In Your 40s

Red spots and blotchiness are clear on your skin in your 40s thanks to all the sun damage your skin has been exposed to over the years. You are now losing more collagen and skin elasticity through the natural process of aging and it is even tougher for the skin to retain moisture. You might not like how the skin feels and looks in your 40s and if you care about your looks, then it should be time to look for the best skin solutions to gain the youthful appearance you once had.

Luckily, this is not hard to achieve with so many anti-aging products readily available in the market. What you need to do is ensure that you choose the best anti-aging products according to your age. Whatever you are choosing anti-aging cream options, the ingredients making up your cream will determine your results so you should take time in choosing the best.

Getting It Right

Choose creamy cleansers in the morning and at night. The creams are better than gels in exfoliating the skin and getting rid of all impurities to give your skin time to rejuvenate at night and to stay protected as you begin your day.

Choose moisturizers containing several antioxidants like soy, green tea and lycopene to achieve the best results with your skin efforts. Remember that different antioxidants address different skin issues and alternating once in a while can be most helpful for your skin. To strengthen collagen, try a serum formula with peptides and treat skin dryness using a cream that has hyaluronic acid, shea butter, oils and petrolatum.

To reduce brown spots on your skin, improve collagen production, increase skin exfoliation and thicken the epidermis as well as reverse sun damage, choose anti-aging creams containing retinoid. You can use them for your nighttime treatment, but if your skin can not tolerate this ingredient every night, you can use once every few nights to achieve great results without exposing the skin to any danger.

Visit and consult your dermatologist for topical treatment prescriptions that will target specific problems and areas. Your dermatologist has all the required knowledge of the skin and will have an easy time taking you through your anti-aging efforts for best results even in your 40s.

Keep up with healthy eating and ensure that you are also getting enough exercise. What most people forget is that what you eat has a way of reflecting on your skin since you are what you eat. Try having more fruits and vegetables since they contain all important vitamins, nutrients and antioxidants that the skin needs to keep looking beautiful and youthful.

Avoid using bar soap for your facial cleansing because it can lead to skin dryness which is what you are trying to avoid so that you can reverse the signs of aging.

Do not forget to make simple lifestyle changes to improve the health of your skin. You should quit smoking and limit your alcohol intakes to be successful with your anti-aging efforts.

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